Certain cultural and/or religious practices highlight the stark divide between Western conceptions of morality and non-Western conceptions of morality (Islamic conceptions, in particular). These practices pose a problem for moral relativists, since they believe that all cultures are morally equal. However, certain practices are self-evidently morally wrong. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is one such practice.
FGM is the partial removal or total removal of external female genitalia for non-medical purposes. It is done to curtail the sex-drive of women to make them more likely to practice chastity and stay faithful in marriage. Across Africa, the Middle East, Asia and, due to massive amounts of immigration from Muslim-majority countries, Europe, millions of girls are being abused by this barbaric practice.
FGM is primarily associated with Sunni Islam and the Shafi’i school of Sharia law within Sunni Islam. The following video outlines the practice and prevalence of FGM across the world and shows how it is theologically and culturally linked to Islam.